Fighting unemployment: EU strategy and challenges


The fighting against unemployment was brought to the top of EU agenda in the aftermath of 2008 financial crisis. Indeed, the rate of citizens without an occupation raised dramatically, especially among youngsters.

In EU 2020 strategy the European Commission set a target of 75% of occupation among people aged 20-64. To reach the goal the EU implemented a number of policies in order to modernise work to help in adjustment to a digital world, support sustainable transitions from unemployment into employment and between jobs, increase labour mobility and create closer coordination between economic and social policies.

Since 2014 the EU has made many efforts to reduce unemployment in a number of areas, from upgrading worker’s skills to facilitate the mobility among EU Member States. In the last few years unemployment rate has sensibly decreased, in July 2018 the EU got back to pre-crisis levels – meaning 6,8%. Despite recovery in economic growth and its positive impact on the labour market, we still have to face a number of challenges such as differences among Member States, youth unemployment and long-term unemployment.

Nevertheless, improvement in the involvement of EU Institution in ensuring fair labour market standards and fighting unemployment has been positively evaluated by citizens, and 76% of them demands for an even further commitment in this policy area.    

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